Family visas in Canada
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Dependent Children Visa

Individuals coming to Canada as permanent residents or temporary foreigner with work permit are allowed to bring their dependents, including all dependent children to Canada with them. However, there may be circumstances wherein the individuals are not able to bring them along at the time of immigration. For such families with dependent children abroad, the Government of Canada has created a special immigration stream - Dependent Children sponsorship visa under the Family Class Visa category to facilitate the entry of dependent children into Canada to live with their families.

Eligibility Criteria for Family Class Dependent Children Sponsorship Visa

To be eligible to apply under the Family Class Dependent Children sponsorship visa category, the applicants must fulfill the below mentioned eligibility criteria: -

  • They must be less than 19 years of age
  • They must not be a spouse or common-law partner,
  • They have been pursuing full time education since before the age of 19 and have majorly been depended on the financial support offered by their parent since that time. or
  • They are 19 years of age or above and have been dependent on the financial support offered by their parents since before the age of 19, and are unable to support themselves financially due to a mental or physical condition.

Proof of relationship

While applying for Family Class Dependent Children sponsorship visa, it is essential that the sponsored person must be either:

  • the biological child of the parent(s). In case the child has been adopted by a person other than the common law partner or spouse, or
  • the adopted child of the parent(s).

Eligibility Criteria for Sponsors

In order to be eligible to become a sponsor of a dependent child, the sponsor must be:-

  • a citizen or permanent resident of Canada.
  • 18 years of age or above.
  • able to meet the income guidelines
  • able to support the sponsored dependent child financially. This lasts for 10 years or until the child attains the age of 22 years, whichever comes first.

Permanent Residency

There are mainly two stages involved in the process of a sponsored dependent child gaining permanent residency in Canada.

Stage 1 - As a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada, a sponsor must apply for the sponsorship of his/her dependent children

  • The Case Processing Centre (CPC) of Canada will process the sponsor’s sponsorship application.
  • The CPC will intimate the sponsor about approval or refusal of their sponsorship application by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC).

Stage 2 - The dependent children must apply for permanent residence.

Note: It is essential that a sponsor must send both - the sponsorship application and the permanent residence application for the sponsored dependent at the same time.

After Sponsorship

Children sponsored through the Family Class Dependent Children sponsorship visa category receive an unconditional Canadian permanent residency status and gain the right to study and work in Canada.

Processing times

The Government of Canada believes in keeping families together whenever possible. Because of this, the processing of applications under the Family Class sponsorship visa programs is given highest priority at the Canadian immigration visa offices.

The approximate processing time of a Family Class Dependent Children sponsorship visa is 16 months. However, processing times are subject to extension in the event of incomplete forms, lack of relevant documentation or longer verification times due to economic or political situations.

 

 

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FAQ

Q1. Who can be categorized as dependent children?

A son or daughter is categorized as a dependent child when he/she:

  • is 19 years of age or below and does not have a common-law partner or a spouse, or
  • is 19 years of age or above and has majorly depended upon the financial assistance offered by his/her parent(s) since before the age of 19 because of a mental or physical condition.

Q2. Can a dependent child undergo the medical examination in another country?

Yes. Regardless of the Canadian Immigration Visa Office where a dependent has submitted the application, the medical examination can be given anywhere in the world to a Designated Medical Practitioner (DMP).

Q3. What proof must an individual furnish to become a sponsor in Canada?

If a Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada wishes to apply for sponsorship of a dependent child to Canada, he/she must provide proof that he/she can:-

  • meet the basic needs - such as food, shelter and clothing, for himself/herself and the sponsored dependent,
  • offer financial support to the dependent, and
  • ensure that his/her dependent does not need financial help from the Government of Canada.

Q4. Are there any other requirements a dependent must fulfill apart from meeting the basic eligibility criteria?

Yes. A dependent must also pass an applicable security & police clearance and medical examinations in order to apply for immigration visa to Canada. The Police Clearance Certificate is required since 18th birthday

Q5. What financial criteria must be met in order to qualify as a Sponsor?

In order to qualify as a sponsor, the Canadian citizen or permanent resident of Canada must be able to showcase their financial ability to fulfill the essential needs of the sponsored dependent(s). They may be required to submit relevant financial statements (such as bank account statements, incomes tax documents, etc.) as proof of their current and future financial stability.

Q6. What does the term ‘essential needs’ means?

A Sponsor must provide the dependent(s) with:

  • Food, shelter, clothing and other basic requirements for everyday living,
  • Eye care, dental and other health needs not offered by the public health services which are available to Canadian citizens otherwise.

Q7. Can the sponsorship undertaking be modified or revoked?

Once made, the undertaking cannot be modified or cancelled by the sponsor at any time post the arrival of the dependent in Canada.

Q8. What will happen if the sponsor is unable to fulfill the terms of undertaking?

In case the sponsor fails to meet any of the commitments provided for in the undertaking, a legal action will be taken against the sponsor and the co-signer.

Q9. How long will the entire Sponsorship Application process take?

Dependent Children sponsorship visa applications are given priority at all Canadian Immigration Offices and they are processed ahead of all other application categories for permanent residence in Canada.

Q10. Why use the services of WWICS?

Obtaining a visa or permanent residence status in Canada can be a tedious task. Using the services of an expert consultant like WWICS can certainly make your task easy and help gain an immigration visa or permanent residence status in the shortest possible time. WWICS is backed by a team of qualified professionals who have years of experience in global settlements and offer end-to-end solutions to their clients. They can guide you through the entire visa procedure, inform you about the necessary documents required for application filing and even prepare you for the interview with the visa officials at the Embassy. Get in touch with us today and reunite your family in Canada.

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